An associative array is an array that use keys instead of index numbers for each element in the array. Keys in the array are given a value. Keys can only be used once in the array. The syntax looks like this:
$array = array("key"=>value,"anotherkey"=>value);
To access an element in the associative array, you access it by its key (not its index). For example, $array[“key”]; instead of $array;
Watch the video below to see how you can create and use associative arrays and then scroll down to view the sample code.
Sample PHP code:
<?php // Associative arrays are arrays that use keys instead of index numbers // Every key has a value. Keys can only be used once. $ages = array("Jim"=>25,"Sam"=>18,"Alice"=>19,"Sarah"=>23); $echo $ages["Jim"]; // will echo Jim's age value print_r($ages); // will print all keys in the array and their values ?>